Thursday, October 1, 2020
LIT, room 310, Online via Webex
E.E. Perepelkin (1-4) , B.I. Sadovnikov (2), N.G. Inozemtseva (3-4), E.V. Burlakov (2,4), R.V. Polyakova (1)
1 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research; 2 Lomonosov Moscow State University; 3 Dubna State University; 4 Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics

Effective numerical algorithm for constructing the Wigner function of a quantum system with a polynomial potential in the phase space

LIT, room 310, Online via Webex

When considering quantum systems in the phase space, the Wigner function is used as a function of the quasi-probability density. Finding the Wigner function is related to the calculation of the Fourier transform of a certain composition of wave functions of the corresponding quantum system. As a rule, the knowledge of the Wigner function is not the ultimate goal, and computations of the average values of different quantum characteristics of a system are required.
An explicit solution of the Schrödinger equation can be obtained only for a narrow class of potentials; therefore, numerical methods to find wave functions are used in most cases. Consequently, finding the Wigner function is associated with the numerical integration of grid wave functions. When considering a one-dimensional system, it is obligatory to calculate N2 Fourier integrals of the grid wave function. To provide the required accuracy for the wave functions corresponding to the higher states of a quantum system, a larger number of grid nodes is needed.
The goal of the given work was to construct a numerical-analytical method for finding the Wigner function, which would significantly reduce the number of computational operations. Quantum systems with polynomial potentials, for which the Wigner function is represented as a series in some known functions, was considered.
The work was supported by the RFBR grant No. 18-29-10014.

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